Access to affordable and reliable transportation allows people with disabilities important opportunities in education, employment, healthcare, housing and participation in community life. Because our nation’s investments in transportation infrastructure have disproportionately favored cars and highways, those who cannot afford cars or do not operate cars often lack viable transportation options. People with disabilities—particularly in rural areas—need accessible, affordable transportation options that bring employment, health care, education, and community life within reach.
AAPD works to ensure equal access to reliable, affordable transportation for people with disabilities by advocating for federal transportation investments that connect people with disabilities to employment opportunities, health care, education, and community. AAPD is a member of the Leadership Conference Transportation Equity Coalition.
At a time of high unemployment and unprecedented income inequality, equity in transportation policy is one of the most pressing civil and human rights issues our nation faces.
—Where We Need to Go: A Civil Rights Roadmap, The Leadership Conference Education Fund
The bottom line:
- $9,498: average annual cost of owning a car.
- $58,736: median annual income of householders without disabilities.
- $25,550: median annual income of householders with disabilities.
- 26 percent: the percentage of adults with disabilities who do not have a car.1
- 80 percent: portion of federal transportation funding dedicated to highways.
Our nation’s transportation investments are particularly crucial for Americans with disabilities, who disproportionately utilize non-automobile transit options such as rail, buses, and pedestrian-friendly development. The surface transportation reauthorization bill allocates federal funding to infrastructure repair and new transportation needs. AAPD works with a broad coalition of organizations to promote investments in accessible, affordable transportation that connects people with disabilities to employment opportunities, health care providers, and educational institutions, promoting full participation in public life.
Laws on Accessibility in Transportation
There are several federal laws that address transportation access for people with disabilities, including the Americans with Disabilities Act, Air Carrier Access Act and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act.
Americans with Disabilities Act
Title II of the ADA prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in public transportation services, such as city buses and public rail (subways, commuter trains, etc.). Public transportation services must:
- Comply with accessibility requirements in newly purchased vehicles
- Make good faith efforts to purchase or lease accessible used buses
- Remanufacture buses in an accessible manner
- Provide paratransit (assisted transportation) where they operate fixed route bus or rail systems, unless it would cause an undue burden
For more information on the ADA and accessible transportation regulations, see the U.S. Department of Transportation.
Air Carrier Access Act
The Air Carrier Access Act prohibits discrimination by U.S. or foreign air carriers on the basis of disability and requires airlines to accommodate the needs of people with disabilities.
Carriers may not:
- Refuse transportation to people on the basis of disability
- Require advance notice that a person with a disability is traveling
- Limit the number of people with disabilities on a flight
- Require a person with a disability to travel with an attendant, except in certain limited circumstances
Carriers must make airplanes accessible and provide certain services and accommodations for passengers with disabilities, including boarding assistance and allowances for assistive devices. For more information on air travel for people with disabilities, click here.
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act prohibits discrimination based on disability in any programs receiving federal funds. Recipients of Federal aid and state and local entities that are responsible for roadways and pedestrian facilities must therefore ensure equal access for people with disabilities to roads and sidewalks, rest areas and pedestrian overpasses and underpasses. For more information on Section 504, click here.